Why Did Poland Ban Abortion


Poland has recently been at the forefront of headlines and controversial debates due to its ban on abortion, which was enacted on the 22nd of October 2020. The ruling states that abortion is illegal in all cases unless the woman’s life or health was directly threatened. Prior to this, abortion was legal in the country – in very limited cases – and with permission from the government. The ruling was also accompanied by a popular protest, with thousands of people gathering in the streets in support of the right to choose.

Upholding Religious Beliefs

The government had a huge role to play in this as the ruling was instated under the guidance of the President, Andrzej Duda. This President is heavily influenced by the Polish catholic church and his rationale for the ruling was grounded in the belief of protecting life and upholding religious beliefs, values, and ethics. Heinz Koch, a Catholic Church observer, believed that the ruling was “a sign that God is protecting liberty” and that this ban is a recognition “that killing an unborn child is wrong”.

Lack Of Government Support

The ban is also a reflection of the government’s lack of support and commitment to providing women with access to proper health care services and support. It reinforces the notion that women’s reproductive health and autonomy is not a priority in Poland. Access to healthcare in Poland is already limited, which means that women are not likely to get the care, support, and treatment if the ban is enforced.

Unintended Consequences

The introduction of the ban has had severe and unintended consequences. Many women are facing a dilemma, forced to choose between dangerous alternatives or risking their own health through an unsafe abortion. Moreover, the restrictions imposed by the ruling are also more severe for rural and low-income women due to their limited access to healthcare. Women are now being forced to take matters into their own hands and resort to illegal and unsafe methods of abortions. This has raised concerns about the health and well-being of these women.

Economic and Social Impact

The ban has also had a wide-reaching economic and social impact. Rural areas are expected to be greatly impacted, as the ban will lead to women losing out on job opportunities due to the lack of access to healthcare. Moreover, the ban has also caused a rift between the political parties in the country, leading to a heightened sense of tension.

Rallies and Protests

The ban has been met with opposition from the citizens of Poland, with over 100,000 demonstrators taking part in the protest. Protestors marched in historic cities of the country, demanding greater recognition of reproductive rights for women. The protest was a way for the people to peacefully display their dissent and as a sign of unity that was meant to send a message to the government that the people want choice in their reproductive decisions and had no intentions of backing down in the face of the ban.

International Outcry

The ban has also sparked an international outcry, with the European Union condemning the move. Although the EU has expressed support for the protesters and indicated that it will not tolerate a rollback of reproductive rights, it is still unclear what action it will take. This has meant that the outcome of the ban is still uncertain, leaving the future of women’s reproductive health and rights in Poland up in the air.


The ban on abortion has been a highly contested and polarizing issue in Poland and has been a source of much contention among its citizens. It is clear that the ban is not only a violation of women’s rights but also a threat to their health and well-being. What is needed is a recognition of the right to self-determination for women and a commitment from the government to provide adequate access to healthcare and support services.

Hit to Human Rights

The decision to ban abortion in Poland has also been seen as a violation of human rights and a clear disregard for the autonomy of women, especially in those who are from low-income backgrounds. The ban has been roundly criticised by a range of organisations and activists around the world, all of whom are calling for Poland to reconsider its decision and to uphold the right to choose.

Lack of Access

It is clear that the ban has far-reaching consequences and has placed a huge strain on poland’s healthcare system.The ban has meant that women no longer have easy access to abortions and they must now rely on illegal and unsafe methods. This has meant that many women are unable to access safe abortions and are forced to make decisions which can put their health and safety at risk.

Political Groups

Political parties in Poland have also been divided on the issue, with some seeing the ban as a step in the right direction and others seeing it as a violation of a woman’s right to choose. The political landscape is also being impacted by the ban as it has caused an increase in polarisation among the parties.

Medical Professionals

The ban on abortion has also led to a divide in the medical profession. While some doctors and healthcare workers are in favour of the ban, others are are finding it difficult to abide by it. This has led to many doctors and other medical professionals leaving the country in search of better opportunities.

Lee Morgan

Lee J. Morgan is a journalist and writer with a particular focus on Polish history and culture. His work often focuses on the history and politics of Poland, and he is passionate about exploring the country's unique culture. He currently lives in Warsaw, where he continues to write and research about the fascinating country of Poland.

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