Will Poland Go To War

Poland is surrounded by powerful neighbours, all of whom are NATO members. As Europe is on the brink of another potential war, the question arises – will Poland go to war? While many may make varying assumptions, the real answer lies in an in-depth analysis of the situation.

In analysing the likelihood of Poland going to war, it is important to consider the current political context. Poland’s current government, led by the nationalist Law and Justice party, has increased its military spending and urged for NATO support. With Russian President Vladimir Putin’s repeated military threats in Eastern Europe, Poland has become increasingly concerned about its security.

However, the desire to join NATO and receive support from the Western powers does not necessarily translate into a willingness to go to war. According to Dr Bartlomiej Kaminski, a defence expert at the Warsaw Institute for Strategic Studies, “Going to war requires a political decision that Poland, as a democracy, will likely be wary of taking.” He adds that the role of the Polish public in the decision-making process may also prove to be decisive.

In 2019, public opinion polls showed that only 18 percent of Poles were supportive of using military force to protect against foreign threats, while 43 percent believed that Poland should use diplomatic means to address them. This suggests a clear aversion to the idea of going to war.

As such, the answer to the question ‘Will Poland go to war?’ appears to be ‘No.’ While the Polish government is actively seeking support from the Western powers, and attaining them in some cases, the risk of war puts it at odds with the the Polish public. This suggests that the Polish government is unlikely to go to war as such a move would be politically damaging.

The Role of NATO in Poland

NATO plays an important role in ensuring the sovereignty of its member nations, including Poland. As a member of the alliance, Poland is supported by the collective defence of its allies, which in turn serves as a deterrent against aggression from external sources.

Furthermore, NATO’s presence in Poland has served to reassure the public that it is well-protected. In recent years, the alliance has taken various measures such as increased deployments and military exercises in Poland in order to strengthen the nation’s defences. This has had a positive effect on public opinion. According to the 2019 Pew Global Attitudes survey, 76 percent of Poles held a favourable view of the alliance.

Wojciech Lorenz, a senior political analyst at the Warsaw Institute for Strategic Studies, contends that NATO has had a direct impact on Poland’s decision-making process on war. He argues that “Given the alliance’s presence in the country, the Polish government is much less likely to even consider going to war.”

The US Impact

The United States has long been a major player in determining the course of international relations. In the context of Poland’s potential decision to go to war, it plays an especially significant role due to its prestigious NATO membership and large military presence in the country.

The current US administration has again vowed to support the NATO countries, particularly those located near Russia. In 2018, the US sent around 4,500 troops to Poland as part of its ‘enhanced forward presence’ programme. Furthermore, President Donald Trump recently signed an agreement with Poland that pledges a large increase in American forces in the country.

These developments have had a direct impact on Poland’s foreign policy. According to Lorenz, “The US presence effectively ensures that the Polish government will be provided with necessary political and military support in case of a potential conflict. This reduces the risk of war and strengthens the country’s diplomatic position.”

Russian Involvement

Another key issue is Russia’s role in the debate over the likelihood of Poland going to war. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has made its presence felt in several countries in Eastern Europe, including Poland. It has supported imperialist governments in some countries, such as Belarus, and conducted military exercises in Poland’s immediate vicinity.

Given this, it is no surprise that the Polish public is wary of the risks posed by Russia. In 2019, 59 percent of Poles held a negative view of Russia, while just 9 percent held a favourable one. This suggests an overwhelming majority of Poles are wary of the danger of Russia potentially attacking their country.

However, despite its aggressive rhetoric and military posture, Russia is unlikely to launch an attack on Poland. According to Kaminski, “Russia is likely deterred by the presence of NATO and US forces in the country. Additionally, the negative reception of the Russian government amongst the Polish public means that it would also face extensive diplomatic resistance in the event of an attack.”

International Pressure

Finally, Poland’s foreign policy choices are also heavily shaped by international pressure. As a member of both the European Union and NATO, the country is bound by certain commitments and agreements that limit its freedom of action. For instance, it is barred from entering into wars without the consent of the European Council.

Furthermore, the country is also under pressure from its allies, particularly the US, to refrain from taking any aggressive measures. This means that the Polish government is likely to be very cautious about going to war and will exhaust all diplomatic and economic measures before resorting to military action.

Overall, while Poland is certainly not immune to the risks of war, it appearsthat its government is likely to be reluctant to choose such a path. This is due to a combination of factors, such as the public’s aversion to war, NATO’s and US presence in the country, the potential risks posed by Russia, and the international pressure that Poland faces.

Economic Factors

When it comes to Poland’s decision regarding war, it is also essential to consider another key factor – the economic ramifications of any such move. War is an expensive endeavour, and Poland is no exception.

Over the past two decades, Poland has made substantial economic progress and is now one of the fastest-growing economies in Europe. Therefore, the government is likely to be reluctant to take any actions that might impede its current economic trajectory.

Recent investments in the defence sector, while beneficial in terms of strengthening the nation’s security, have added further strain on state finances. This has led to a debate within the Polish government over its military spending. As such, it appears unlikely that the government will be willing to enter into a conflict, given the existing financial pressures.

International Relations

Poland’s foreign policy is strongly influenced by its relations with other countries, notably its neighbours. The country maintains open channels of communication with its neighbours, which has proved to be beneficial for solving disputes and avoiding open conflict.

Poland is also an active contributor to the peacekeeping missions of the United Nations and other international organisations, such as the OSCE. This suggests that the country is inclined towards resolving disputes through diplomatic means rather than through military action.

The US government also plays an important role here, as its relations with the Polish government have continued to remain strong and supportive. This has further bolstered Poland’s diplomatic position and allowed it to resolve conflicts with its neighbours, thus reducing the chances of a potential war.

Modern Warfare

When considering Poland’s potential participation in a war, it is important to take into account the changing nature of modern warfare. Today’s technology-driven borderless conflicts often involve cyberattacks, disinformation campaigns and other forms of ‘hybrid warfare’ that are difficult to detect and counter.

In this context, Poland’s security dilemma becomes even more complicated, as its government must weigh the benefits of participating in a conventional conflict against the risks of modern-day warfare. Furthermore, it must also consider the costs associated with preparing for and responding to such unconventional threats.

The Polish government is well-aware of these risks and is taking necessary measures to bolster its defences. This entails focusing on cyber-security, as well as developing a comprehensive early-warning system. As such, the government can efficiently identify potential risks and respond with appropriate measures.


In conclusion, it appears unlikely that Poland will go to war. While the Polish government is actively seeking support from the Western powers, the risk of war puts it at odds with the Polish public and its neighbours. Furthermore, the country’s economic situation limits its scope of action and the increasing complexity of modern warfare presents new challenges that the Polish government must prepare for.

Lee Morgan

Lee J. Morgan is a journalist and writer with a particular focus on Polish history and culture. His work often focuses on the history and politics of Poland, and he is passionate about exploring the country's unique culture. He currently lives in Warsaw, where he continues to write and research about the fascinating country of Poland.

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