Will Russia Attack Poland


When one thinks of two countries at odds with each other, the first to come to mind is often Russia and Poland. It has been the case for centuries, and today, the tension between the two remains high. In recent years, Russia’s involvement in the Ukraine crisis and the war in Syria have only increased speculation of a possible Russian attack on its neighbor, Poland. This article intends to shed light on this fraught question. It will provide background information on the tension between the two countries, as well as data and perspectives experts. It will also provide its own analysis on the question and will ultimately try to answer the question at hand: Will Russia attack Poland?

History of the Conflict

Russia and Poland share a long history of conflict. This goes back centuries when Poland was an influential power in Europe. Its proximity to Russia was the central issue then, as it is today. Through the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Russia had a huge influence on Poland, to the point where the Russian Empire annexed large parts of Poland and Lithuania. Later, during World War II, Russia, under Stalin, was responsible for banning the Polish government in exile, the resistance of the Warsaw Uprising, and installing its own government in Poland. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Poland joined NATO, which greatly increased tensions between the two countries.

Relevant Data

The data surrounding the question of a possible Russian attack on Poland is limited. Much of it is theoretical and based on assumptions. It is known, however, that since 2014, there has been a rise in Russian military presence in the region. This includes an increase in troops and military equipment, especially near the borders. The number of incidents and violations by Russian troops has also increased, which is a great sign of tension and is evidence of a heightened possibility of a Russian attack.

Perspectives of Experts

The main fear of experts is that a Russian attack on Poland is not an impossible scenario. However, it is unlikely in the eyes of most analysts. The main argument is that Russia is not likely to risk the consequences of attacking a member of NATO, as the retaliation would be severe. Many point to the likelihood of Putin and Russia responding to a military pressure from NATO–which would be in favor of Poland–with economic, political, and diplomatic maneuvers to ensure that Poland’s sovereignty is encroached upon and diminished, rather than altogether taken away.


There is no doubt that the tension between the two countries is high, and that a Russian attack is not impossible. Poland’s NATO status greatly reduces the chances of Putin taking the risk of attacking, but there is still a fear of an attack of some kind that would not trigger a NATO response. A coordinated cyber attack or a military training session near the border could still be a way for Putin to assert himself and gain an advantage.

Political Implications

The main political implication of a possible Russian attack on Poland is that it would greatly increase the tension between NATO and Russia, as well as the international community as a whole. The fear of the world getting into a full-scale conflict could become a reality, as NATO would no doubt respond militarily to defend its member Poland. The situation could also have an effect on other former Soviet states and European countries, as they could also face the risk of being targeted by the Kremlin.

Economic Impact

The economic implications of a possible Russian attack on Poland could be considerable. In the case of an armed conflict, the most immediate consequence would be a disruption to economic activities in the region. Poland’s financial system, as well as its energy and telecommunications infrastructure would be at risk of a cyber attack, as they could easily be used as leverage by Putin. Poland’s exports could also be affected, as the country heavily relies on imports and exports from Russia and other European countries.

Diplomatic Efforts

Efforts, both multilateral and bilateral, are being made by the international community to reduce the tension between Russia and Poland. The most prominent example is the Minsk Protocols, signed by the Ukraine government, the separatists, Russia, and OSCE in September 2014. This agreements created a ceasefire in Eastern Ukraine, thereby easing tensions between the two countries. But more work is definitely needed, such as dialogues between Russia and Poland and improving relations, as well as developing a common cause between the two countries.

Military Build Up

Russia’s increased military presence in the region is concerning and has raised fears amongst experts of a potential Russian attack on Poland. It is well known that Russia has not shied away from such threats and has been actively engaged in military aggression in the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria, and Poland is next in line to be targeted. Russia has also made clear its intentions of reclaiming its superpower status and has been modernizing and upgrading its military capabilities.


Russia’s reluctance to intervene in a NATO country and the existence of diplomatic efforts to ease the tension between the two countries suggests that an attack on Poland is unlikely. The international community, Russia, and Poland have all made clear that they will not fight a war in Europe, and this suggestion has been taken into account and responded to in the diplomatic efforts. Nevertheless, the possibility of a Russian attack on Poland cannot be entirely ruled out until there is more concrete movement from the Kremlin and until the international community can ensure that Poland’s sovereignty remains intact.

Lee Morgan

Lee J. Morgan is a journalist and writer with a particular focus on Polish history and culture. His work often focuses on the history and politics of Poland, and he is passionate about exploring the country's unique culture. He currently lives in Warsaw, where he continues to write and research about the fascinating country of Poland.

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